KLEP - Karamoja Livestock Enhancement Project

Project Facts

01/01/2017 31/12/2021
Payment Mechanisms / Support

Partners: VSF Belgium; MADEFO, DADO
Funding: DGD and VSF Belgium

SSA (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Karamoja, Moroto and Kaabong districts

Emmanuel EMARUK: [email protected]

Dethie FAYE: [email protected]

Alternative Email

Case overview/description

Main Challenges
Marketing livestock products, Improve sustainable livestock production, Managing the commons, Sustainable grassland management, Reduce Household poverty
Starting point/ Challenges

The sub-region has experienced about three and half decades of civil unrest leading to low development indicators
Risks of drought that often affect specific groups of households in the sub-region
The poverty line is 56% of the population whereas the national average is 19%.
Livestock constitutes an important part of community livelihoods. Basic services like veterinary care, water accessibility are hardly adequate. Animal feeding is mainly based on natural pastures.
Pastoralist and pastoral livelihoods in Karamoja has been largely inhibited by the government in favour of sedenterization, despite ecology dictating otherwise

Purpose/ Objectives addressed, Results expected

Specific objective: Food and economic security of agro-pastoralist communities has improved through optimization of livestock production and livelihoods diversification in eastern Uganda
Result 1 : Animal health in the intervention area is improved through local animal health services
Result 2 : Households have developed IGA due to better access to micro-credit
Result 3 : Production and market access for producer groups has improved
Result 4 : Enhanced sustainable natural resources management, and reinforced advocacy on issues affecting pastoralists

Type of Case
Capacity building, Land development, Livestock development
Agroecological zone
Semi-arid (75 < x < 180 LGP)
Land area size (km2)
Moroto district: 3,538 km2 Sub-counties: Rupa, Katikekile, Nedunget, Tapac Kaabong district: 7,224 km2 Sub-counties: Karenga, Kawalakol, Loyoro, Kakamar, Lodiko and Sidok
Number of people
Total beneficiaries: 28,757 Households i.e 201,000 beneficiaries
Land ownership
Ownership comments

Land is customarily and mostly communally managed in Karamoja

Livestock system
Livestock Type
Cattle, Goats, Other, Sheep
Comment livestock systems

Extensive livestock system, pastoralism, Cattle, goats, sheep & poultry

Operating environment

Free market, subsistence

Participants in the case/project

Pastoralist communities, VSLA groups, animal husbandry groups, Livestock marketing associations, CAHWs, water users committees, hand pump mechanics, district local government . Community institutions and development trusts

Methods / Approaches applied to reach objectives

Groups and associations formation and support (training, material, technical backstopping and monitoring)
Logistic, financial and material support to districts' animal health interventions
Pilot trial for improved breed and pasture
Promoting a dialogue framework for improved management and peaceful sharing of natural resources
Creation of linkages between different stakeholders
Capacity building of local partners for ownership and improved sustainability

Outcome/ Beneficiaries/ Issues

Sustainability regarding economic issues

Improved animal health and increased productivity lead to increased availability of animal products and income
VSLA groups are involved on some IGAs and therefore improve their livelihoods.

Sustainability regarding social issues

VSLA methodology uptake is very high among beneficiary communities who meet regularly, save and take loan. Improved animal husbandry practices are well adopted by farmers who are looking for improved productivity in order to improve food security and generate more income. These therefore help to address social issues. Most of CAHWs are generally motivated, like the profession and see it as a source of additional income.

Sustainability regarding ecological issues

Livelihoods diversification will prevent destructive coping mechanisms such as charcoal burning and fuel wood
Community action plans on Natural Resources Management (e.g. grazing management) will be developed and implemented to prevent environment degradation.
The project will be engaging local authorities to develop bi-law of sustainable use of fuel wood products in the region by studying/reviewing existing laws

Knowledge Exchange

Reports, capitalization documents, meetings

Key Conflicts / Problems

Conflicts over natural resources use / sharing
Limited access to grazing areas due to inaccessibility of water points
Community based animal health services not being optimal

Lessons learnt

Conflict in Karamoja has been evolving from armed raids focused on theft of cattle by warring communities to resource based conflict pitting Karamojong communities against government and mining companies. With increasing livestock numbers conflict over water and pasture resources is increasingly being recorded and will escalate in the near future.

Research Gaps

Traditional Karamojong management of natural resources

Source of information
Project reports