Maisha Bora Food Security Programme

Project Facts

01/01/2015 31/12/2019
Payment Mechanisms / Support

VSF Belgium; UCRT, HEIFER (co-financed by Belgian Fund for Food Security)

United Republic of Tanzania
SSA (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Tanzania, Longido and Simanjiro Districts

Case overview/description

Main Challenges
Restoring grassland, Sustainable grassland management
Starting point/ Challenges

Food insecurity, low livestock productivity, agricultural encroachment, need for land use planning and better management of communal grazing land

Purpose/ Objectives addressed, Results expected

improved livestock keeping; support veterinary services; securing communal grazing land; rangeland management and improvement; capacity building of livestock keepers , local partner and local governments

Type of Case
Capacity building, Land development, Livestock development
Agroecological zone
Semi-arid (75 < x < 180 LGP)
Land area size (km2)
9000 households targetted in 15 villages in Simanjiro and Longido districts

15 villages in Simanjiro and Longido districts

Land ownership
Ownership comments

Securing communal (village) grazing land following the Village Land Act and the National Land Use Planning policy: establishment of Land Use Plans and delivery of communal Certificates of Customary Rights of Occupancy

Livestock system
Livestock Type
Cattle, Goats, Sheep
Comment livestock systems

Pastoralists, Cattle (predominantly Maasai Short Horn Zebu), sheep, goats

Operating environment

free market (local markets and cross border trade with Kenya) and subsistence

Participants in the case/project

Maasai pastoralists, local governments

Methods / Approaches applied to reach objectives

Land Use Planning, Holistic grazing management, Farmer Field Schools, Community Animal Health Workers,

Outcome/ Beneficiaries/ Issues

Sustainability regarding economic issues

commercialisation strategies livestock to markets

Sustainability regarding social issues

small livestock for women groups, participatory decision making

Sustainability regarding ecological issues

grazing management plans, natural resource governing by-laws

Knowledge Exchange

Mostly via platforms on rangeland management

Key Conflicts / Problems

agricultural encroachment, land grabbing for conservation purposes, population increase, droughts

Lessons learnt

Changing attitudes on optimal herd size and commercialisation is long process; establishing good participatory land use plans and grazing calendars are important tools to secure pastoralist livelihoods

Research Gaps

Carrying capacity determination, control of invasive species


land use planning, management of communal grazing resources, livestock improvement