Three publications from CATIE on silvopastoral systems in Costa Rica are available online


Permanence of PES and the role of social context in the Regional Integrated Silvo-pastoral Ecosystem Management Project in Costa Rica

The publication evidences the permanence of land use changes induced by a (PES) program in Costa Rica. It is flagged that that PES explains the adoption of silvo-pastoral practices by Costa Rican farmers and also that the adoption of silvo-pastoral practices is associated with the number of social ties to other farmers. The study also highlights a negative correlation with the exposure to traditional production methods, measured as membership in producer organizations.

Measured ammonia emissions from tropical and subtropical pastures: A comparison with 2006 IPCC, 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC, and EMEP/EEA (European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme and European Environmental Agency) inventory estimates

The study calculates, measures, and compares ammonia (NH3) emissions from excreta and fertilizers on three-day farms in Costa Rica. The emissions are compared with measures based on the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Tier 1, 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Tier 1, and the European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme/European Environmental Agency (EMPE/EEA) Tier 2 inventory estimates. The results highlight that emissions factors are similar to those of the EMEP/EEA and lower than the IPCC , suggesting an overestimation of emission factors from excreta deposited on pasture and slurry applications in tropical and subtropical regions by IPCC methodologies. 

Marginal Abatement Cost Curves for Latin American dairy production: A Costa Rica case study 

Utilizing primary data to establish baseline farms and literature review to assess mitigation potential, this study represents the first dairy farm Marginal Abatement Cost Curve (MACC) for Latin American countries. The paper outlines contextualized silvopastoral measures that can improve the efficiency of livestock systems and facilitate carbon offsetting, such as pasture improvement and the replacement of lower quality co-product feeds with high-quality concentrate feed.